Let's begin with the king of our forests, the dream of every forager: the edible boletus.
|Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boletus_edulis|
We like them dried in hot borsch in winter, with herring, or in sauces. It's important to distinguish it from its fake cousin, so called Thunder Boletus, which has a pinkish inner side of the cap instead of white and sometimes the only way to know the difference is to lick them, so if you found the Thunder variety, you are soon to know :-)
The Boletus has many good relatives, though:
|Image source: http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tikrasis_raudonvir%C5%A1is (c) Tomas Čekanavičius.|
|Image source: http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raudonvir%C5%A1is|
|Image source: http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slidukas (c) Jerzy Opioła|
The second most desired to find mushroom is the chantarelle.
|Image source:http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voverait%C4%97 (c) Strobilomyces|
This mushroom is an absolute good because it worms don't eat it. Beats me why, but it's always good and fit to pick. Best cooked slightly boiled and then fried with some lard and sour cream, boiled potatoes as a side dish. Mmmm...delicious!
|Image source: http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valgomasis_bobausis(c) Severine Meißner|
I personally have recently discovered this variety. Let's call it the strange brain looking mushroom for now . It does have a slightly poisonous side but it comes off in the process of preparation, usually being boiled 4 times or so. I believe this to be a very popular mushroom in France. In Lithuania we have two similar mushrooms, the morel and the false morel (in the photo).
The field mushroom is widely grown abroad artificially in special conditions like in darkness and on-pardon me- farm animal, esp. horse, droppings. Here it usually grows in meadows and open forest spaces. Best place to pick abroad- a supermarket :-)
|Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agaricus_campestris (c) Nathan Wilson|
|Image source: http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sk%C4%97tin%C4%97_%C5%BEvynabud%C4%97 (c) Lilly M|
Now, this is the toadstool which is poisonous and can be deadly. Europe knows about 100 deadly mushroom species, Lithuania knows more than 60.
|Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Amanita_muscaria from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2105/6/178|
I'll just stop here, having covered the main thins. So, how has your forager career been so far? Also, check out this mushroom guide in English: http://www.naturephoto-cz.com/mushrooms.html